Women, Nation-Building and Feminism in India

6 September 2018 - 7 September 2018

The Gatsby Room, The Chancellor’s Centre, Wolfson College

Registration for this conference has now closed. 

 

Convenors

Anjali Bhardwaj-Datta (University of Cambridge)

Mytheli Sreenivas (Ohio State University)

Uditi Sen (University of Nottingham)

 

Summary

This two-day international workshop explores the myriad roles played by women - as volunteers, organisers, bureaucrats, politicians, writers and citizens - in shaping the emerging ideologies and structures of independent India. Although women played critical roles in different spheres of nation and state-building, ranging from participation in the constituent assembly to refugee rehabilitation, population control and education, their participation is both under-studied and inadequately theorised in existing scholarship. This workshop brings together close readings of women’s labour in various state-building projects. It focuses particularly on the period of transition from colony to nation-state and its immediate aftermath to illustrate the myriad ways in which feminist activism and ideologies developed during this period. Contrary to its characterisation as ‘the dead decade’ of feminism, during this time feminist activists and ideologies informed the ideologies and institutions of an emerging post- colonial state and society. However, the involvement of women and feminists did not necessarily contribute to anti-patriarchal state institutions or ideologies. As social workers and activists, women often drew upon, or were circumscribed by, gendered notions of labour, family, service and education. The results were contingent and frequently contradictory.

The goal of this workshop is to bring together scholars working on different aspects of this broad theme, and on different prominent women who were active in different aspects of imagining and building the new nation-state, in different regions of India. We hope to not only provide new insight into women’s agency in post-colonial India, but also to theorise the relationship between women’s agency, feminism and nation-building.

 

Sponsors

            

Supported by the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH), the Leverhulme Trust, and the University of Cambridge's Centre of South Asian Studies.

 

Administrative assistance: conferences@crassh.cam.ac.uk.

Day 1 - Thursday 6 September

10:45 - 11:00

Registration

11:00 - 11:15

Introduction

Anjali Bhardwaj-Datta (University of Cambridge)

11:15 - 11:30

Welcome note

Joya Chatterji (University of Cambridge)

11:30 - 13.00

Panel 1: Crafting Selfhood

Chair: Uditi Sen (University of Nottingham)

 

Tanika Sarkar (Jawaharlal Nehru University)

'Communist Women: In Home and the World'

 

Humaira Chowdhury (University of Cambridge)

'The Life and Times of Begum Aizaz Rasul: A Political Testimony to Muslim Women's Activism'

 

DIscussant: Padma Anagol (Cardiff University)

13.00 - 14.00

Lunch 

14.00 - 15.30

Panel 2: Serving the Nation

Chair: Mytheli Sreenivas (Ohio State University)

 

Uditi Sen (University of Nottingham)

'Practical Feminists or Handmaidens of Patriarchy? Lady Social Workers and the Rehabilitation of Refugee Women'

 

Abigail McGowan (University of Vermont)

'Mothers, Godmothers, and Czarinas of Crafts: Women and the Imagination of India as a Crafts Nation, 1947-1962'

 

Discussant: Ornit Shani (University of Haifa)

15.30 - 16.00

Break

16.00 - 17.30

Panel 3: Planning and Development

Chair: Anjali Bhardwaj-Datta (University of Cambridge)

 

Taylor Sherman (LSE)

'Not Part of the Plan? Welfarism, Women and Indian Socialism in the Nehru Years'

 

Mytheli Sreenivas (Ohio State University) 

'Feminism, Family Planning, and Development Regimes in 1950s India'

 

Discussant: Eleanor Newbigin (SOAS, University of London)

Day 2 - Friday 7 September

9:30 - 11:00

Panel 4: Women, Labour and Politics

Chair: Eleanor Newbigin (SOAS, University of London)

 

Samita Sen (Jadavpur University)

'Women and Trade Unions in India'

 

Wendy Singer (Kenyon College, Ohio)

'Women in the State: Elected Women and the Challenge of Politics in the 1950s'

 

Discussant: Partha Pratim Shil (University of Cambridge)

11:00 - 11:30

Break

11:30 - 13:00

Panel 5: Gendered Citizenship

Chair: Taylor Sherman (LSE)

 

Anjali Bhardwaj-Datta (University of Cambridge)

'Alternate Economies: Women as Urban Citizens'

 

Emily Rook-Koepsel (University of Pittsburgh)

'Social Work Education and Gendered Citizenship in 1950s India'

 

Discussant: Wendy Singer (Kenyon College, Ohio)

13.00 - 14.00

Lunch

14.00 - 15.00

Roundtable

Eleanor Newbigin, Anjali Bhardwaj-Datta, and Mytheli Sreenivas

15.00 - 15.15

Concluding Remarks

Uditi Sen

15.15 - 16.15

Final break