Martti Ahtisaari, the Humanitas Visiting Professor in Statecraft and Diplomacy 2015-16, will give two public lectures, participate in a Conversation with other invited speakers, and attend a concluding symposium, based on the theme of How Can Peace be Made?. This is the second of his two public lectures. In the lecture the underlying question is what the preconditions are for a successful conflict resolution process. How do you mediate and solve conflicts in a manner that creates solid and sustainable foundation for a society to continue, or begin, its life in peace? For a mediator it is important to understand how to deal with dignity of the parties and to ensure that the society has the grounds to move in the direction of true reconciliation and peace. In this work creating trust is everything. Peace is not implemented only by institutions, but by people.