A public talk by Dr Michael Hagemeister ( Ruhr-Universität Bochum).
Investigations into the origin and early history of the “Protocols of the Elders of Zion” often lead to the border between fiction (or mystification) and historical fact. Furthermore, one can observe how this border is crossed: the “Protocols” were compiled from a series of fictional texts and then presented as the authentic document of an actual conspiracy. However, the (scientific) literature about the “Protocols” also far too frequently ignores this border, when, for example, coherent and therefore convincing stories take precedence over well-researched histories. In this paper I shall present some results of my research on the “Protocols”. A close reading of the early Russian versions shows that the “Protocols” is an “open text” of undefined genre which can be (and has been) perceived not only as a document but also as a fictional text, a negative utopia depicting a future global, totalitarian welfare state. This was overlaid with an apocalyptical reading of the “Protocols” which was introduced by Sergei Nilus, the most prominent editor and commentator of this text. The excited response to the “Protocols” since the early 1920s called for a prompt investigation into its origin and the channels through which it had been disseminated. Thereupon a detailed and coherent narrative was created and later authorized by a legal court. This narrative is, in itself, a conspiracy story, a dubious construction based on equally dubious witnesses. Thus the response to the myth of the Jewish conspiracy has been a counter-myth, which is no less mysterious than the one it aims to oppose.
The talk will be followed by a wine reception.
This is part of a series of public talks from the Leverhulme-funded project Conspiracy and Democracy. More information at http://www.conspiracyanddemocracy.org
Michael Hagemeister (b. 1951) studied History and Slavic Languages and Literatures at the universities of Basel and Marburg. He wrote his PhD thesis on the Russian philosopher Nikolai Fedorov and has published widely on Russian philosophy and history. Together with Boris Groys he edited a book on biopolitical utopias in Russia in the early 20th century (Die Neue Menschheit. Biopolitische Utopien in Russland zu Beginn des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts, Frankfurt a.M., 2005). In his current research he concentrates on the origins of the “Protocols of the Elders of Zion” and the life and work of the Russian religious and apocalyptic writer Sergei Nilus. Hagemeister was employed at the Universities of Marburg, Bochum, Basel, Innsbruck, Berlin, and Munich. He is presently interim Professor for East European History at the European University Viadrina at Frankfurt (Oder).